Ollantaytambo is located 80 km northeast of the city of Cusco (or Cuzco) and 40 km from Machu Picchu, district of Ollantaytambo, province of Urubamba, department of Cusco. According to some scholars and historians; the architectural complex of Ollantaytambo belongs to the Inca Imperial stage, that is; the one included between the Incas Pachacútec and Wayna Capac. This stage, which comprised only three generations of Inca rulers and that preceded the conquerors for only 150 to 200 years.
The apparent little time that existed between the design and construction of this granite citadel or fortress, makes many researchers doubt their true origin.
The defenses that face Cusco, as if they wanted to defend the city from the Incas themselves, are another of the riddles that Ollantaytambo presents.
It is important to emphasize that this fortress shows the foresight spirit of the Incas, who supplied it with water through underground aqueducts, whose places of capture were state secrets in their time and are still not discovered. Already at the top of the architectural complex, six gigantic blocks are discovered that apparently belonged to the Temple of the Sun, neatly worked as if it were a soft and moldable material.
How did they manage to do it?
The housing complex exhibits houses with solid walls of carved rock, with doors of trapezoidal shapes and divided by streets with straight lines where the water runs in perfect channels.
Ollantaytambo is located at an altitude of 2,792 meters (9,160 feet) above sea level. During the Inca Empire, Ollantaytambo was the actual state of Emperor Pachacuti, who conquered the region, built the city and a ceremonial center. At the time of the Spanish conquest of Peru it served as a bastion of Manco Inca Yupanqui, leader of the Inca resistance.
Nowadays it is an important tourist attraction due to its Inca constructions and as one of the most common starting points for the Inca Trail.
The citadel is huge located 50 kilometers from Machu Picchu, and served as a temple and a fortress. At some unknown moment, and for unknown reasons, this great project was mysteriously abandoned and abandoned and is one of the most spectacular archaeological sites not only in Peru but in the world.
The official version of how it was built | Ollantaytambo
It was built with pink granite. The stone quarry is located about 4 km (2.5 miles) away, on the other side of the valley, on the upper southwest side of the mountains. The rock was partially carved in the quarries, and taken to the bottom of the valley.
With the help of rollers or rolling stones like wheels, leather ropes, South American camelids, levers, pulleys, and the power of hundreds and even thousands of men. Today, on the way from the quarry to the temple there are dozens of huge stones that people know as “tired stones”, since it is believed that they could never be transported to their destination, these stones are the reason why some The authors claim that the Temple of the Sun was unfinished when the Spanish invasion arrived.
- How were those titanic blocks of stone brought to the top of the mountain of the quarries many kilometers away?
- How were they cut and with what equipment?
- How were they planted and put in place?
There are archaeologists and scientists, who want us to believe that the dense and hard andesite rock was cut and shaped by means of stone or bronze tools. Such an explanation is so absurd that it is not even worthy of consideration. There are no tools or stone utensils in place to cut or mold the andesite and the bronze does not make any dent “.
Eric Von Daniken, in his series of books that begin with “Chariots of the Gods.” He has the theory that the Andean megalithic works were built by extraterrestrials, gods who visited the earth a long time ago and brought civilization to primitive man. The scientific community before such an idea simply laughed.
When you think about your theories, many ancient monuments around the planet that challenge a rational or conventional explanation come to mind and you inevitably start thinking about other factors.
The temple of the Sun in Ollantaytambo, is made of andesite granite. Some of the stones from the temple of Sol weigh more than forty tons and were brought from an elevated quarry on the mountain that lies on the other side of the river.
How is it that someone, even with modern technology, can move so many stones of that size towards the lower part of the mountain, cross the river and then climb them for several hundred meters to the place where the Temple of the Sun is located?